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Synthetic fibers are manmade textiles used to produce clothing and other fabrics usually derived from sources such as coal and petroleum.  Some synthetic fibers include rayon, nylon, polyester, rubber, and spandex. Many household upholstery and textiles are made from these types of materials, including rugs and carpets.

Other than some instances of skin sensitivity, these synthetic fibers are generally considered to be more problematic if the dust, or fibers are inhaled.  This exposure can happen when the synthetic materials are disrupted which produces dust of synthetic fibers.

Many times, these materials can cause allergic reactions in individuals who have this sensitivity especially because they are worn directly on the skin. Many times, harsh chemicals are used in the finishing process of these materials which can also contribute to allergy symptoms. Studies have shown individuals who work in the manufacturing and handling of synthetic fibers can completely affect their respiratory tract causing damage over time as synthetic specks of dust are inhaled.

Asthma

Cough

Sore Throat

For the average person, symptoms may last between a few hours to a few days, but the body will naturally expel these irritants. Prolonged inhalation of synthetic fibers has the potential to cause many bronchopulmonary illnesses including asthma, chronic pneumonia, and bronchitis. bronchopulmonary conditions are common and can range in severity depending on the frequency of exposure. The prognosis for these conditions varies greatly depending on the extent of fibrosis caused.

If the allergic reactions stem from contact with certain materials, try to avoid them as much as possible.

  • Maintain thorough housekeeping
  • Wipe away dust collected with a wet rag
  • Vaccum carpets and rugs with a HEPA filter

For diagnosis and a custom symptom management plan, consult with an Allergist or Immunologist.